India is rich in its handicraft tradition there are numerous variety of Crafts practiced in India. India is home to an estimated 6.8 million artisans. The production of handmade products could very well be the second largest source of employment in rural India after agriculture. Most forms are also deeply inter-related with the history and religious beliefs and practices of the places. The present day handicraft tradition of India is a perfect example of assimilation between the traditional designs and modern techniques. The fast growing demand for Indian handicraft and gifts products have made this sector a full-fledged large scale organized industry that is growing day by day.
List of the craft produced in India
North Indian Art and Crafts:-
Walnut wood craft of Kashmir: Artisans make beautiful walnut wood crafts and furniture. Wallnut wood crafts included walnut elephant and other animals. The walnut wood carving of Kashmir employs a process of hand carving done very carefully and delicately in various styles by means of varied tools, fabricated locally depicting forms and motifs that have evolved over a period of centuries.
The Agra known for marble handicrafts, leather shoes and chappals. Kanpur known for its Leather handicrafts. Bareli known for wooden handicrafts and furniture products. Lucknow known for cotton suits and kurta-pajama. Banaras known for Banarasi Sarees, other than these crafts the hand embroidery on dresses done in all over Uttarpradesh. Garment factories of India provide work to thousands of people all over Uttar Pradesh and get beautifully embroidery done by people of Uttar Pradesh.
East India Art and Crafts:-
Bamboo craft is famous in all over East India, the Assam, West Bengal, Orissa, Manipur are known for this handicrafts. Tribes of East India have been making eco-friendly crafts by natural straws, fibers, wood, metal, stone and other materials. Mizoram known for its natural straws crafts and serpentinite stone pottery. The stone pottery is also a unique technique of making pottery products.
West India Art and Crafts:-
Three major and largest states located at west India, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra. These states are also known for their different handicrafts products. Rajasthan is well known for its miniature paintings of India, furniture of Rajasthan, metal crafts, marble and other stone crafts, wooden decorative items, Rajasthani dresses, gems and stone jewelry of Rajasthan, lakh jewelry, puppets. Gujarat state is the largest states of cotton production, so it is known for cotton products. Cotton home furnishing and decorated products. Hand embroidered cotton clothes and wall hangings of Gujarat are very famous. Quilts dari, bed sheets spread colours all over the world.
Maharashtra is also known for various handicrafts products, lether crafts specially Kolhapuri chappals, hand made lether sandals, textile industry of Maharashtra and worli paintings.
South India Art and Crafts:-
Hyderabad is famous for its pearl jewelry, the history told us the interest of Mughals in jewelry was very much. So the pearl and diamonds were imported from Australia, USSR, Belgium, China, Europe and other part of world. The tradition has grown and took the form of business, and the Hyderabad city become the pearl and diamond jewelry city. The handmade lakh jewelry is also a big attraction of Hyderabad the city in Karnataka. Coconut tree products, shell handicrafts, coconut handicrafts are also famous in south India.
The dynamism of handicrafts industry in India is unparalleled – be it the traditional Indian arts and crafts or a customized version of an overseas art form. Unlike in the past when the industry was battling to carve a niche in the market, there is a great demand for Indian handicrafts today that is being nurtured by different government and non-governmental organizations.